d="M44 32h-4v8h4v-8zM36 32h-4v8h4v-8zM44 20h-4v8h4v-8zM52 32h-4v8h4v-8zM36 44h-4v8h4v-8zM48 0h-4v8h4v-8zM16 0h-4v8h4v-8zM52 20h-4v8h4v-8zM36 20h-4v8h4v-8zM20 44h-4v8h4v-8zM12 32h-4v8h4v-8zM20 32h-4v8h4v-8zM52 4v8h-12v-8h-20v8h-12v-8h-8v56h60v-56h-8zM56 56h-52v-40h52v40zM12 44h-4v8h4v-8zM28 20h-4v8h4v-8zM28 44h-4v8h4v-8zM20 20h-4v8h4v-8zM28 32h-4v8h4v-8zM44 44h-4v8h4v-8z" />
How can we help you?
How can we help you?

Castles & Culture

Sigmundskron Castle

Firmian | Eppan


Sigmundskron Castle with the Messner Mountain Museum MMM Firmian is located on the Mitterberg, above the village of Frangart | Eppan.



There are mentions of the castle as early as 945 under the name "Formicaria". In the 12th century it was given the name Firmian until the castle was bought around 1473 by the sovereign of Tyrol, Duke Sigmund the Coin Rich. He converted the castle into a fortress and named it Sigmundskron Castle. When he got into financial difficulties and mortgaged the castle, the complex was severely neglected. Over the years, the semi-ruin changed hands several times, was restored and used as a guesthouse before the province of South Tyrol acquired it in 1996. Reinhold Messner received permission in 2003 to integrate his mountain museum into Sigmundskron Castle, which opened in 2006.

Architectural style and special features:

The castle is one of the oldest in South Tyrol, and was built in the High Middle Ages, with alterations taking place in the Late Gothic period. The 5-metre-thick ring walls indicate the fortress architecture of this period. A natural separation between the upper and lower castle is provided by rocks. There is also a restaurant inside, which was once a residential and farm building.

The extensive castle and fortress complex is a particularly important political symbol for South Tyrol. A protest rally was held here in 1957 with 30,000 South Tyroleans gathered, where they demanded autonomy and rebelled against the failure to comply with the Treaty of Paris. Under the leadership of Silvius Magnago, the phrase "Los von Rom" went down in South Tyrolean history.



Various hikes lead past Sigmundskron Castle, and a visit to the Messner Mountain Museum is already compulsory. The focus is on man's confrontation with the mountain and its religious significance, but also with his own limits and the protection of the nature entrusted to him. The White Tower of the castle houses a permanent exhibition on the history of Sigmundskron.


More insights

Some more great places to discover in Eppan.

Castle Boymont

Castle Boymont

A journey to the past.

Parish Church St. Pauls

St. Pauls Cathedral

The heart of St. Pauls.